Videos: spectacled bear’s home in the dry forests of Peru revealed

first_imgAnimals, Biodiversity, Camera Trapping, Endangered Species, Environment, Forests, GPS tracking, Mammals, Monitoring, Technology, Wildtech Laura, an Andean spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus), is the first bear to wear a GPS collar in Peru’s Batán Grande Archaeological Complex, an ecosystem offers greater visibility than cloud forests, where the bears typically live.Laura and about 50 other bears have been monitored for ten years by the Spectacled Bear Conservation Peru (SBC) after they were discovered in the unique Peruvian dry forest ecosystem.Over an area of 15,000 hectares (over 37,000 acres), the SBC program uses camera traps, GPS collars and direct field observation to study the bears. Laura is now part of the history of Peru. She is an Andean spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) and the face of the first coin of one sol (equivalent to $0.31) from the Peruvian Endangered Wildlife collection launched in July 2017. Laura is shown laying on a tree in her habitat in the dry forests of Peru – in the Batán Grande Archaeological Complex, Lambayeque region.It is not just her appearance in the coin collection that makes Laura famous. She is the first bear to wear a GPS collar in this part of Peru, an ecosystem that offers greater visibility than cloud forests.Laura and about 50 other bears are part of the population that has been monitored for ten years by the Spectacled Bear Conservation Peru (SBC).The project began when the Canadian researcher Robyn Appleton arrived in Peru in 2006 in search of the Andean bear. Appleton, along with Peruvian Javier Vallejos, who was her guide, found this population of spectacled bears in the dry forests of Batán Grande, an unusual habitat for this species.“Andean bears inhabit from Venezuela to southern Bolivia, in the humid forest, they live mainly in the fog. But ten years ago we found this small population in a unique ecosystem in the dry forest of Peru,” Appleton said during a Wildlife Conservation Network conference.A different habitat for the spectacled bearRenzo Piana, director of science and conservation of SBC Peru, explains that this species lives mainly in areas near the Andes Mountain Range.“Here in Peru, we have a population that is unique because it inhabits the western slope of the Andes, at lower altitudes than usual, in a dry forest ecosystem that ranges from 150 meters to 1,000 meters above sea level in the basin of the La Leche River. Something which does not happen in any other part of the distribution of the Andean bear.”Andean bears climb the hills of dry forests in northern Peru. Photo courtesy of SBC PeruOver an area of 15,000 hectares (over 37,000 acres), the SBC’s spectacled bear conservation program uses camera traps, GPS collars and direct observation in the field to study this population of bears.During the study, they discovered that the bears that live in Batán Grande always return to a few water sources in the area. Camera traps were placed at these sites, explains Piana. “Even though the water sources can be two or three meters, or even smaller, the bears have them mapped and often visit them to drink water, mark their territory and check the state of fertility of the females.”The researcher explains that, since the beginning of the program, one of the main tasks was to locate these water bodies to place camera traps. It has been almost eight years since they started the monitoring program with data collection taking place every six weeks.The marks that bears have on their face —each individual has a unique marking— are used to identify them in the photographs taken by the camera traps and track their movement patterns.“Now we know if there is variation in the spatial occupancy of their territory between males, females and younger individuals,” Piana said. “When monitoring for long periods, as in this program, it is possible to assess population dynamics: how many individuals there are, how it varies over time, how it changes according to seasonality or when the El Niño phenomenon occurs.”The researcher believes that the population of bears in this area shows the importance of the dry forest of northwestern Peru for the conservation of the species. “There is a marked seasonality in the use of space by animals. During the winter they are found in high altitude areas in the mountains, whereas in the summer they move to lower areas to feed mainly of sapote.”In this context, the protection of the sapote tree (Colicodendrum scabrida) is also important for the survival of the species, says Piana, since bears feed mainly on the fruit. “The sapote grows in low altitude areas, places very exposed to fragmentation and land trafficking, which is the illegal appropriation and commerce of lands. This high pressure for a land use change puts the availability of this fruit for the bears at risk.”The spectacled bear feeds mainly on sapote fruit. Photo courtesy of SBC PeruOn May 26, 2016, the Municipality of Pítipo issued an ordinance for the creation of the Batán Grande Archaeological Complex, a measure that has allowed the conservation of the spectacled bear habitat, considering that most of the territory through which this population moves is inside this protected area.Encounter with the Andean bearJosé Vallejos, biological researcher and project coordinator at SBC, says that he joined the project in 2008. His first outing to the field was on August 8 of that year, and he was lucky to see, for the first time, a wild bear. That same year, the first camera traps were installed, 12 in total. “My father Javier and I were walking through the field, looking for bear tracks and exploring the pools of water.”The following year, in 2009, 40 more camera traps were deployed, both in the water sources and along the trails these animals use. There are currently 60 camera traps installed to monitor the bears.In 2008, they began using GPS collars. Laura was the first one to try this equipment, and until now there have been seven animals that have worn a collar for satellite tracking.“Once, we discovered that one of the bears walked 150 kilometers in three days and moved from Batán Grande to Cajamarca,” Vallejos said.Vallejos also says that this project has involved several members of his family. His younger brother began going out to the field at age 11 to help with the monitoring and the logistic side of deploying the camera traps. That experience captivated him, and now he is a biologist.Appleton, director of SBC, refers to the Andean bear as a charismatic and funny animal that likes to play and relax. She also said that they spend a lot of time resting during the day due to the high temperatures of the area, which border 45 degrees Celsius (113 Fahrenheit). For that reason, it is easy to see them frolicking in the small lagoons which they frequent.Two Andean bears, mother and son, in their habitat in Batán Grande, Lambayeque. Photo courtesy of SBC PeruHowever, she is concerned about the declining number of bears in Peru and South America in general. It is estimated that there are 20,000 individuals throughout the region and 5,000 in Peru. The species is categorized as Vulnerable according to the Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).The director of SBC says that the species and its habitat are threatened by land trafficking, hunting, events such as forest fires that have destroyed several camera traps, and the El Niño phenomenon, which in 2017 affected all this territory.Appleton also points out that in recent years, the organization has been working with the local population conducting school awareness programs on the conservation of the species and the protection of its habitat, as well as conducting projects to generate resources for women in the villages of the region surrounding the conservation area.Cover photo courtesy of SBC PeruThis story was reported by Mongabay’s Latin America (Latam) team and was first published in Spanish on our Latam site on July 6, 2018. Article published by Romina Castagninocenter_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Google Gets Mini-Sitelinks

first_imgWhy Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… phil glockner A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Googleannounced a new, smaller version of their sitelinks search feature on their official Webmaster Blog today. The new mini-sitelinks will appear on more than just the top search result, and will occupy a maximum of one line and four links per result. Sitelinks were originally added by Google to help people jump to more specific portions of large web domains like Amazon or About.com. Additionally, the original version of sitelinks ws only generated for the top-most result of a search query; the new one-liners can appear on other results on the first page. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Sitelinks can be seen as a slow encroachment of Google into a function that is traditionally part of the experience of visiting a site. Depending on how a site is structured, a business might not appreciate customers being pushed directly to a page below the front page. It could be seen as taking away from the customer’s average time on site (a commonly measured site statistic) as well as potentially confusing if a company’s offerings are complex and require some explanation. To this end, Google has made available settings in its suite of Google Webmaster Tools that allow domain holders, once registered, to block specific sitelinks from being listed in Google search results. It does appear that the block is only temporary (90 days) and for specific pages – which means webmasters are going to have a headache dealing with it if they have a lot of potential sitelink pages to block. In any case, Google has written about how to block sitelinks here. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Tags:#Google#news#web Related Posts last_img read more

In Soviet Russia (or Iran), Multi-Language Chat App Simultaneously Translates YOU

first_imgRelated Posts We were also told by the BabelWith.me team, “The launch was moved up to offer free multilanguage communication with those in Iran.” Check out this chat set up specifically for discussion of the Iran election and aftermath. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#Messaging Services#web jolie odell Yesterday, Google Translate announced the addition of Persian into their roster of supported languages in order to facilitate online communication within and from Iran.Now, at least one team – the minds behind BabelWith.me – has developed the functionality into a cool, useful chat application that capably (if not perfectly) translates chats in real time. The service enables simultaneous communication in up to 45 different languages. It’s kind of like the U.N. of IM.First of all, we applaud the developers for making the most drop-dead simple chat process we’ve seen in ages. Pick a username and a language, and go for it. To invite others to join, simply give them the short URL in the top right corner of the screen or invite participants directly from email, Twitter, or Facebook.The chat dialog shows both the original text as well as the Google-powered translation. Granted, the translations aren’t perfect; Google doesn’t know how to deal with “pig latin” or “pommes frites.” But it’s manageable and functional, for the most part.We tested it out and do wish the program had a timestamp feature and some kind of notification or alert. Unnoticed chats went ignored with nary a flash, blink, or beep until we came back to the window or tab containing the chat room. We did love that the program gave both the original text (in orange italics) underneath the translated version. And of course, all the static text in the chat is translated, as well.center_img BabelWith.me is a product of the non-profit organization LifeChurch.tv. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

A Hack for Managing Business Relationships

first_imgWhen you’re running a startup you have a lot of demands on your time, more than you can fit into your day. Your top priority should always be responding promptly to user bug reports and questions, and then come other stakeholders like investors. Where it gets tricky is dealing with other requests. For example you may have open-sourced some code, and are now getting bug reports or feature requests. You want to help those people out and generate goodwill, but you don’t have enough time to spend on all of them. How do you prioritize? It’s like qualifying your leads in sales: you need as much information as you can to make tough decisions about where you expend your resources. Is it manipulative? It does feel a bit artificial at first, but I focus on how much better it makes me at helping the people who really need my time. Judging by this Quora thread, I’m not the only one to feel like this. So next time you find yourself in a dilemma about where to spend your limited time, try applying reciprocity to understand who needs it most.Photo by RAWKU5 How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? pete warden Related Posts Why You Love Online Quizzes The secret I discovered is reciprocity. You want to put the people who really need your help at the front of the queue, and asking them for something trivial in return is a good way of figuring out how strong their need is. For example, I’ll very often get bug reports on my open-source code that are missing some information that would help debug the problem. Instead of spending time speculating, I’ll email them back thanking them for the report, and asking if they can give me the information I need, typically something as simple as the OS and browser versions. It’s amazing, more than half the time I don’t even get a reply! This tells me that they don’t really care about the problem, so I can leave their issue at the bottom of my priority list. What I’ve discovered is that the same approach is applicable to a lot of business relationships where you need to prioritize who you spend your time with. I will take an initial thirty minute phone call with anyone; I love how many interesting people this allows me to discover. I write off one day a week where I don’t expect to get any coding done thanks to meetings, so squeezing another few in doesn’t hurt my productivity. I will often get requests for a follow-up or in-person meeting, and that can be a tough call to make. Before I invest my time, I want to have some assurance that it has a chance of helping me make progress with the business. I want an equal relationship, and that won’t happen if I’m giving up my time and expertise in return for nothing. What I do is again ask for some reciprocity. If they’re well connected in a particular industry, I’ll ask for an introduction to a related company I’m interested in. If they work for an interesting company, I’ll ask for some free product licenses I can give away on my blog. If they blog themselves, I’ll ask if they’ll write a quick story about their experiences with my site. 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Tags:#hack#How To Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoidlast_img read more